Tampu tocco, Machu Picchu and mysteries of inca cities

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Part I : Machu Picchu, a city whose identity remains a mystery.

Machu Picchu, the famous Inca city surrounded by mysteries, was discovered officially by the American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911. The identity of the city and its role in the Inca period are still unknown to archaeologists. Several hypotheses have yet been issued:

  • Hiram Bingham was convinced it was Vilcabamba, the last capital which fled the rebel Incas after the Spanish conquest (1). This hypothesis was disproved by the discovery of the actual location of the city (2).

  • Hiram Bingham, and other archaeologists, sought to identify the city to Tampu Tocco (1), birthplace of the first Inca Manco Capac and former capital of Amautas. But the Incas at the time seemed to say that the location of Tampu Tocco is the current location of PACCAR Tampu ("), Inca city located south of Cuzco.

  • A residence for the virgins of the sun: the identification of skeletons found at the site by the expedition of Hiram revealed that the majority of bodies were women. Hiram Bingham finds the presence of acllas virgins dedicated to the worship of the sun. However more recent studies of bones have refuted the results of the analysis of body (4).

  • Finally, another hypothesis based on the writings of the time, the construction of Machu Picchu is a residence built during the reign of the Inca Pachacutec, in the fifteenth century in the region Picho (identified as Picchu). Unfortunately, the dating of buildings is being debated and some argue that the construction of the city could be much earlier. Finally, nobody knows with certainty what the origin and name of the city that is now called Machu Picchu.


(1) The fabulous discovery of the lost city of the Incas, Hiram Bingham in 2008, Pygmalion
(2) Espiritu Pampa as identified as the true site of Vilcabamba in 1964 by Gene Savoy.
(3) Information collected from descending Incas by the Spanish chroniclers of the time.
(4) According to anthropologist John Verano, after reviewing the skeletons of the Peabody Museum at Yale, skeletons found on the site of Machu Picchu, they range from fetus to old and are divided equally between the sexes.


Partie II : Discovery of an architectural form


 
     
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